Fractures of the scaphoid.
Mansat M. Ann Chir Main 1982;1(4):361-74.
Scaphoid fractures are the most common carpal injury. The diagnosis is often difficult and the treatment often controversial. Late complications are frequent and include nonunion, avascular necrosis and arthrosis. Carpal pathomechanics, the scaphoid’s blood supply and fracture healing are basic concepts leading to a better understanding of the injury. This paper discusses the scaphoid in relation to the pathomechanics of the wrist, the relationship of the blood supply of the scaphoid to the injury and the diagnosis, classification and treatment of these fractures.